Department of Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology
 
 
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19. Sebastian J. Szybka, Krzysztof Głód, Michał J. Wyrębowski, Alicja Konieczny
Inhomogeneity effect in Wainwright-Marshman space-times
Phys. Rev. D: Part. Fields , vol. 89, p. 044033 (2014).
[abstract] [preprint] [journal] [download]

Abstract:
Green and Wald have presented a mathematically rigorous framework to study, within general relativity, the effect of small scale inhomogeneities on the global structure of space-time. The framework relies on the existence of a one-parameter family of metrics that approaches the effective background metric in a certain way. Although it is not necessary to know this family in an exact form to predict properties of the backreaction effect, it would be instructive to find explicit examples. In this paper, we provide the first example of such a family of exact non-vacuum solutions to the Einstein's equations. It belongs to the Wainwright-Marshman class and satisfies all of the assumptions of the Green-Wald framework.

20. Editors: Michał Eckstein, Michael Heller, Sebastian J. Szybka
Mathematical Structures of the Universe
Copernicus Center Press (2014) [abstract] [journal]

Abstract:
The book contains a collection of essays on mathematical structures that serve us to model the Universe. The authors discuss such topics as: the interplay between mathematics and physics, geometrical structures in physical models, observational and conceptual aspects of cosmology. The reader can also contemplate the scientific method on the verge of its limits.

21. Mikko Lavinto, Syksy Rasanen, Sebastian J. Szybka
Average expansion rate and light propagation in a cosmological Tardis spacetime
JCAP, vol. 12, p. 051 (2013).
[abstract] [preprint] [journal] [download]

Abstract:
We construct the first exact statistically homogeneous and isotropic cosmological solution in which inhomogeneity has a significant effect on the expansion rate. The universe is modelled as a Swiss Cheese, with Einstein-de Sitter background and inhomogeneous holes. We show that if the holes are described by the quasispherical Szekeres solution, their average expansion rate is close to the background under certain rather general conditions. We specialise to spherically symmetric holes and violate one of these conditions. As a result, the average expansion rate at late times grows relative to the background, i.e. backreaction is significant. The holes fit smoothly into the background, but are larger on the inside than a corresponding background domain: we call them Tardis regions. We study light propagation, find the effective equations of state and consider the relation of the spatially averaged expansion rate to the redshift and the angular diameter distance.

22. Christa R. Ölz, Sebastian J. Szybka
Conformal and projection diagrams in LaTeX
(2013).
[abstract] [preprint]

Abstract:
In general relativity, the causal structure of space-time may sometimes be depicted by conformal Carter-Penrose diagrams or a recent extension of these - the projection diagrams. The introduction of conformal diagrams in the sixties was one of the progenitors of the golden age of relativity. They are the key ingredient of many scientific papers. Unfortunately, drawing them in the form suitable for LaTeX documents is time-consuming and not easy. We present below a library that allows one to draw an arbitrary conformal diagram in a few simple steps.

23. Leszek M. Sokołowski
On the twin paradox in static spacetimes: I. Schwarzschild metric
General Relativity and Gravitation, vol. 44, pp. 1267-1283 (2012).
[abstract] [preprint]

Abstract:
Abstract Motivated by a conjecture put forward by Abramowicz and Bajtlik we reconsider the twin paradox in static spacetimes. According to a well known theorem in Lorentzian geometry the longest timelike worldline between two given points is the unique geodesic line without points conjugate to the initial point on the segment joining the two points. We calculate the proper times for static twins, for twins moving on a circular orbit (if it is a geodesic) around a centre of symmetry and for twins travelling on outgoing and ingoing radial timelike geodesics.We show that the twins on the radial geodesic worldlines are always the oldest ones and we explicitly find the the conjugate points (if they exist) outside the relevant segments. As it is of its own mathematical interest, we find general Jacobi vector fields on the geodesic lines under consideration. In the first part of the work we investigate Schwarzschild geometry. Keywords twin paradox · static spacetimes · Jacobi fields · conjugate points *supported by the grant from The John Templeton Foundation

24. Piotr T. Chru¶ciel, Christa R. Ölz, Sebastian J. Szybka
Space-time diagrammatics
Phys. Rev. D: Part. Fields , vol. 86, p. 124041 (2012).
[abstract] [preprint] [journal] [download]

Abstract:
We introduce a new class of two-dimensional diagrams, the \emph{projection diagrams}, as a tool to visualize the global structure of space-times. We construct the diagrams for several metrics of interest, including the Kerr-Newman - (anti) de Sitter family, with or without cosmological constant, and the Emparan-Reall black rings.

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